alschroeder3: (Default)
[personal profile] alschroeder3 posting in [community profile] scans_daily
Oh, there were plenty of precursors to super-heroes out of Britain--the Scarlet Pimpernel, Sherlock Holmes, Bulldog Drummond and others. But after Superman premiered, who was the first British superhero? And was it by anyone who is famous in the history of comics?


london0


Although there is some discussion of how much Bill Finger and Bob Kane had influence in the same characters, Jerry Robinson was--at the very least-- instrumental in the creation of Robin, the Joker, Two-Face, and Alfred Pennyworth.


But he didn't work only for DC/National Comics. For Lev Gleason/Comics House publications, starting with the second issue of the Golden Age Daredevil comics he created the English hero...London!



Here's the splash page of his first adventure. Even without the signature, the style is unmistakable to anyone familiar with his style.


london1


It starts with a certain BBC newscaster, the fiance of the Prime Minister's niece...


london2


Why name a hero after a city? Well, if you think about it, it makes as much sense as naming a hero after a country, a la Captain America--and the Americans of the time had great admiration for what London was enduring from the bombings of the Luftwaffe. "London can take it" was a watchword of the time...and it made London (the hero) rather unique.


In the course of the story, Marc Holmes reverts to his secret identity as London (a business suit with a cape and cowl, with an elaborate "L" as a symbol), and saves the kidnapped Prime Minister---who looks just like Churchhill, albeit with a mustache.


london3


London was a nonpowered "super" hero, a la Batman...but he often functioned as a Scarlet Pimpernel type, infiltrating Germany and foiling Nazi plots. A few issues later, he founded the "L" campaign--for Liberty...within Germany.


london4


London alternately acted like a costumed hero, a Resistance fighter, and a secret agent.


london5


Oddly enough, he rarely had adventures WITHIN England, much less London, at least in his early adventures...


london6


In one of his best adventures, he stopped a costumed German executioner from executing Britain's greatest spy, in an action sequence VERY similar to Robinson's work on Batman's fighting sequences...


london7


Of course, Britain's greatest spy was a beautiful woman, named Leslie...whom he made his partner in adventure. (Dian, the niece of the Prime Minister was either forgotten or they broke up.) It's a little like the ending of most of the later James Bond movies.


london8


Many Americans creating British heroes tend to make them noblemen, or related to the nobility. There is no hint of that with Marc Holmes, although obviously his last name was inspired by Sherlock. Nor is his Britishness as exagerrated and burlesqued as, say, Percy Pinkerton in SGT. FURY.


Robinson, I believe, pencilled one more London tale---introducing a villain called the Boar, a nazi spy with a boar he sicced on those who crossed his path--and there were two additional tales, by another, lesser, artist, imitating Robinson's style--one continuing his fight with the Boar. Then London--as a comic series--was no more.

Date: 2013-01-03 04:25 pm (UTC)
silvercat17: (Joker smacking Batman)
From: [personal profile] silvercat17
Neat!

I love that his costume is basically a suit plus... Makes changing in random places much easier, I'd imagine. ;P

Date: 2013-01-03 05:22 pm (UTC)
silverhammerman: (Default)
From: [personal profile] silverhammerman
That's actually a pretty neat concept, a little in-your-face really, but like you say, not all that different from Captain America. I feel like it's kind of weird that this character, or even just a blatant expy, never turned up in the Wildstorm universe, he seems a perfect fit.

Date: 2013-01-03 08:01 pm (UTC)
crinos: (Default)
From: [personal profile] crinos
So his big plan to stop the Nazi's is to graffiti the letter L everywhere?

It's interesting I'll give him that.

Date: 2013-01-03 08:20 pm (UTC)
icon_uk: (Default)
From: [personal profile] icon_uk
Within Germany itself? That would be quite the propaganda coup, and deeply unsettling for the German's.

Indeed, the whole V for Victory campaign of World War II used exactly that approach, with some considerable success

Date: 2013-01-03 08:59 pm (UTC)
crinos: (Default)
From: [personal profile] crinos
Okay, it is pretty cool.

Also, I demand a fanfic where London and Captain America team up.

Actually, guy must be public domain by now right?

Date: 2013-01-04 01:33 pm (UTC)
his_spiffynesss: (Default)
From: [personal profile] his_spiffynesss
Yes, London is quite defintiely in the Public Domain.

Date: 2013-01-04 11:23 am (UTC)
captainbellman: It Was A Boojum... (Default)
From: [personal profile] captainbellman
Yeah...it helped that Hitler adopted the swastika thanks to his deeply superstitious nature. According to legend, Churchill adopted the V finger sign after consulting on 'Power Symbols' with Aliester Crowley.

Date: 2013-01-04 01:08 pm (UTC)
icon_uk: (Default)
From: [personal profile] icon_uk
More that Crolwey claims that he sent the idea to MI5, rather than Churchill "consulting" him.

Date: 2013-01-03 09:20 pm (UTC)
kenn_el: Northstar_Hmm (Default)
From: [personal profile] kenn_el
The motif worked for Zorro.

Date: 2013-01-04 01:14 pm (UTC)
icon_uk: (Default)
From: [personal profile] icon_uk
London might also have been used for "brand recognition", since London is not only the capital, but news broadcasts tended to start with "This is London", so there'd be an element on an in joke if the broadcaster not only said it, but MEANT it.

Oh, and of course, the popular Wartime song by Noel Coward London Pride was well known at the time.

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